Ferrari began its life in 1928 in Maranello, northern Italy, when Enzo Ferrari founded a company to sponsor racing drivers. Under the name Scuderia Ferrari translating loosely as “Team Ferrari” the company sponsored amateur drivers in Modena, who drove Alpha Romeos at that stage. Enzo Ferrari was soon hired by Alpha Romeo to lead their motor racing department. In 1940, Scuderia Ferrari produced its first race car, the Tipo 815, which debuted at the Mille Miglia.
When Mussolini’s fascist government confiscated Alfa Romeo in 1941 as part of the Axis Powers’ war effort, Enzo Ferrari’s department set up independently in Maranello where it’s remained ever since. The Allies bombed the Maranello factory in 1944 and it was only when the factory was rebuilt in 1946 that Ferrari began producing road cars. The rest is history.
And why all the red? Ferrari’s signature “race red” (Rosso Corsa) is the traditional color of Italian race cars. Between the World Wars, the color of race cars identified their nationality rather than the manufacturer or driver. French-entered cars like Bugatti were blue, German Benz and Mercedes white (or bare sheet metal silver after 1934), and British Lotus and BRM green...
Here are the 10 Most Expensive Ferraris Ever Built:
1962 Ferrari 250 GTO ($35,000,000)
No Ferrari has made more headlines than the 1962 250 GTO, which US businessman Craig McCaw bought in 2011 for a staggering $35,000,000.
|The most expensive car sold in private sale in 2012 was the 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO – US$35,000,000.|
In July 2012, American businessman Christopher Cox wrecked his Ferrari 250 GTO en route to LeMans in what has been dubbed the most expensive car crash in history. Cox was driving in a convoy of Ferrari fanatics among them Pink Floyd drummer Nick Mason and JCB boss Sir Anthony Bamford. Cox collided with the car in front, crushing the entire front end and leaving his wife with a broken leg. Cox escaped with minor injuries. Let’s hope Craig McCaw keeps his in good nick, having spent enough to build a few hundred schools in Africa.
1957 Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa ($16 million)
Italian for ‘red head’, the fiery Testa Rossa is one of the world’s most iconic race cars.
The 1957 edition was the first Testa Rossa or “TR” as it’s affectionately known produced in a limited run of 22 cars. They went on to snatch a number of racing victories over the next decade in Brazil, Cuba and Portugal. Producing 300bhp from a 2,953cc single overhead cam degrees V12 engine, it features six Weber 38 DCN carburettors and a four-speed manual gearbox.
|1957 Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa In 2011 one of these sold for more than $16 million|
1961 Ferrari 250 GT SWB California Spyder ($12 million)
The car famously trashed in 1986 movie Ferris Bueller’s Day Off, the 250 GT SWB California Spyder is one of the most sought after Ferraris out there.
|1961 ferrari 250 gt swb california spider|
Designed by Pininfarina and built by Scaglietti, the SWB (short wheel base) California Spyder was a reinvention of the popular Ferrari 250 for the American market. The result is the quintessential sports car with a long hood, two seats and a drop top. Produced in a limited run of 50 cars, the Spyder features a 3-liter SOHC V12 engine with 280hp and a four-speed manual transmission. Lucky Mr. Evans.
1959 Ferrari GT SWB 250 ($7 million)
Built in a limited run of 150, the Ferrari GT SWB 250 is one of the most esteemed cars among collectors.
|1959 Ferrari GT SWB 250|
The body came in either aluminium or steel, and its short wheelbase (94.5 inch) was 7.8 inches shorter than its predecessor, helping the car handle sharp turns at speed. The sleek body was designed by Pininfarina, with Sergio Pininfarina himself calling it “the first of our three quantum leaps in design with Ferrari.” Sir Stirling Moss once raced a GT SWB 250, adding to the car’s value today. This is typical of a Ferrari’s history and provenance boosting its value.
1957 Ferrari 625 TRC Spider ($6.5 million)
Based on the Ferrari Monza, the 1957 Ferrari 625 TRC Spider is a road worthy racing car a style common in Ferraris in the 50s and 60s.
|1957 Ferrari 625 TRC Spider fetches $6.5 million|
In May 2012, the 1957 Ferrari 625 TRC Spider was sold at auction in Monaco for $6.5 million. One of only two ever made, this particular Spider was once owned by American Ferrari importer John von Neumann, who held on to it for over 30 years. At the same auction during the Monaco Grand Prix, RM Auctions made a total $43 million, selling over 90 classic cars, 100 Ducati motorbikes and three boats.
1953 Ferrari 340/375 MM Berlinetta Competizione ($5.7 million)
Of the three Berlinettas built, only two survive today, making this an endangered species.
|1953 Ferrari 340/375 MM Berlinetta 'Competizione'|
After modification, the Berlinetta won a number of races in Europe, before being sold to private owners in the USA. In 1995, Formula-1 boss Bernie Ecclestone added the Berlinetta to his collection, later passing it on to Ferrari collector Jon Shirley. Shirley raced it several times before having it overhauled and modified for $325,000. A piece of racing history indeed.
1958 Ferrari 412S ($5.6 million)
Developed for American SCCA racing, the 1958 412 S was the most powerful Ferrari of its era.
|1958 Ferrari 412S|
The Ferrari 412 S had a rocky start. Debuted at Watkins Glen in 1958 with Phil Hill at the wheel, the car failed on the track and promptly went back to the factory. Here it became one of the first Ferraris to be fitted with disc brakes. When Hill raced the modified 412 S at Riverside, the car failed with fuel starvation. In 1959 the car was bought by Jack Nethercut, who soon sold it on to Fred Knoop. Success came when it set a track record of 181 mph at the 1960 Los Angeles Times Grand Prix.
The 412 S was later bought by Steve Earl who used it to promote the first Monterey Historic Races in 1973. A long series of owners later, Jarold Williams finally restored this historic racer to its original 1958 specification.
1966 Ferrari 330 P3 ($5.6 million)
The first Ferrari to use the Lucas fuel injection system fitted to the intake manifold, this last model with chassis 0844 was sold by Christie’s in 2000 for $5.6 million.
|1966 Ferrari 330 P3|
The single seat is positioned almost in the center of the car. Like most racing cars originally designed for clockwise circuits, the P3 is right-hand drive. The low roof demands a reclined sitting position, with enough surface area on the seat to support the driver without padding. The Racetech steering wheel is removable, making it easier for the driver to enter. The gearstick features sliding fingers to prevent gate-jumping and a reverse lock-out. The main rival of the 330 P3 was the Ford GT40, which beat the Ferrari at both Le Mans and Sebring in 1966.
2006 Ferrari P4/5 Pininfarina ($4 million) Officially known as the Ferrari P4/5 by Pininfarina, the P4/5 Competizone is a bespoke one-off designed by Pininfarina for film director and stock exchange magnate James Glickenhaus.
|2006 Ferrari P4/5 Pininfarina - Cost to build $4 million|
So how does one convince Ferrari to produce a tailor-made car? In fact, one doesn’t. It was Pininfarina who first approached Glickenhaus, asking if he would be interested in commissioning a one-off. Glickenhaus described his ideal car as a “modern Ferrari P”, along the lines of his own 1967 Ferrari 330 P3/4. He promptly bought the last unsold Enzo Ferrari and asked Pininfarina if they could reinvent it as something entirely new, yet drawing inspiration from the P Series. They set to work. Over 200 components were designed especially for the car, while most components, including the engine and drivetrain were modified from the original Enzo Ferrari. Glickenhaus was pleased with the result, and Pininfarina has since expressed interest in designing more unique cars. High rollers take note.
Ferrari FXX Evoluzione ($1.8 million)
A rare breed of Ferrari, only three of these cars were ever made. The FXX Evoluzione has a 6.3-liter, V12 engine with a displacement of 6,262cc.
|Ferrari FXX Evoluzione: $1.8 Million|
A new traction-control system allows the driver on-the-fly adjustment, with nine different settings controlled by a switch on the center console. The system was designed to be more responsive to individual driving style allowing the car to adapt to the driver rather than vice versa. Combined with new front suspension geometry, the refined traction-control system also reduces tire wear, while the Brembo brakes and Composite Ceramic Material discs have also been redesigned to double pad life. On the body, the FXX Evoluzione features a new rear diffuser and rear flaps, increasing rear downforce and aerodynamic efficiency by 25%.
2011 Ferrari Enzo ($600,000 to $1 million)
Named after the Ferrari founder, this 2011 edition is a revival of the original 2002 Ferrari Enzo, with a lightweight carbon-fibre body and V12 engine producing a maximum power of 660bhp. It has a top speed of 217mph and can reach 60mph in 3.4 seconds. The Ferrari Enzo 2011 is one of the ten fastest street legal cars in the world.
|The Ferrari Enzo 2011|